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An Expert System for Disorder Diagnosis in Sugarcane Crop


Division of Crop Production

At Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research, the discipline of Agronomy started functioning since its inception in 1952 with an objective of developing package of practices for sugarcane cultivation. The Section on Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry was created in 1956 whereas the Extension and Training was added in 1969. Consequently, the Division continued to function under the umbrella of Agronomy, Extension and Training till 1995. Agronomy as an independent Division started functioning w.e.f. October 1995 with the mandate of pursuing research programme on different facets of sugarcane production technologies. With the reorganization of Research Divisions in June, 2001, the Division of Agronomy was renamed as the Division of Crop Production with added components of Soil Science & Agricultural Chemistry and Agricultural Microbiology. The Agrometeorology Unit in June 2002 and Extension & Training Division in May 2003 were also merged with the Division of Crop Production with its enlarged research activities. Again, the Agrometeorology Unit was delinked from the Division in September 2003. Presently, the Division of Crop Production represents the disciplines of Agronomy. Soil Science & Agricultural Chemistry, Agricultural Microbiology and Agricultural Extension. Besides, the Farm Section continues to function under the administrative control of the Division right from very beginning.


  • To improve the productivity of ratoon cane in Subtropical India

Thrust Areas

Multiratooning in sugarcane with an accent on

  • counter part nutrient balance
  • deep K fertilizer placement
  • cash the trash concept
  • perennial weed control

New crop geometry to

  • optimize plant population
  • obtain higher millable cane
  • facilitate mechanized operation
  • realize higher ratoon yield

Organics based sugarcane production utilizing

  • crop residues
  • industrial wastes
  • bio-manures
  • microbial and fungal synergies

Soil microbial environment

  • soil microbiota profiling in long term experiments
  • commercial exploitation of Acetobacter diazotrophicus
  • microbial inoculants capable of degrading stubble at low thermal regime

Efficient water, nutrient and weed management strategies matching for

  • direct sugarcane planting after wheat harvest with zero tillage
  • simultaneous sugarcane planting and wheat sowing in flat beds
  • wheat + sugarcane planting in overlapping cropping system under FIRB

New emerging crop diversification options to

  • enhance land productivity
  • increase input use efficiency
  • capitalize allelopathic effects
  • sustain soil health

Knowledge rich TOT programme

  • assessment and refinement
  • application of technology with ITK
  • development of training modules

Head of Division : Dr T K Shrivastava


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